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Earth Science Gallery

Introduction  |  Exhibition Contents  | 


Introduction

Exploring Earth's 4.6 billion years of history is a journey full of fun and surprise: How did Earth form? How does its interior work? What are plate tectonics? How are different types of rocks formed? The Earth Science Gallery allows all of us to learn more about our Mother Earth.

The gallery has four themes featuring over 28 sets of interactive exhibits, models and installations which serve to explain the causes of natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, as well as the power of typhoons. The gallery will also walk you through the geology of Hong Kong over the past 400 million years and the stunning scenery of the Hong Kong Geopark. Don't miss the invaluable and colourful minerals and rock specimens.

 

Earth: Our Home Planet

In the boundless universe, there is a unique blue planet – our Earth. Life forms on Earth, including humans, only live on the outermost crust. If you cut open Earth like a watermelon, you will find the blazing interior structures underneath the crust.

Earth from Space
Earth from Space
  Infinite Universe
Infinite Universe

 

Roaring: Power within Our Planet

Intense heat energy from Earth's core drives the tectonic plates to move slowly, causing the landform to evolve unconsciously. The high mountain ranges and steep valleys make people feel dwarfed by nature. The tremendous internal energy of Earth also brings about sudden and drastic changes to the surface, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis.

Boundary Map
Boundary Map
  Tsunami Tank
Tsunami Tank

 

Shaping: External Forces of Our Planet

External forces shape the landforms created by Earth's internal energy. Solar radiation is the main source of these external forces. Air and water absorb energy, forming wind and rain which cause erosion of the crustal surface. In addition to the influence of the nature, human impact on the environment also cannot be neglected. Rapid population growth and technological development have exerted a profound effect on the entire Earth system.

Climate Change
Climate Change
  Decoding Tree Ring
Decoding Tree Ring

 

Breathtaking: The Stunning Geology of Hong Kong

Despite its small size, Hong Kong has a rich diversity of geological structures and rock types. Apart from the threat of typhoons, Hong Kong is less prone to strong earthquakes and tsunamis. Surprisingly, experts found that there was an ancient supervolcano eruption 140 million years ago, forming world-class hexagonal rock columns in the High Island region.

Mineral Collection
Mineral Collection
  Hexagonal Rock Columns in Sai Kung
Hexagonal Rock Columns in Sai Kung

 

 

Venue: 1/F, Hong Kong Science Museum
Admission Fee: No extra fee is required for museum visitors of Permanent Exhibitions

 

Last Modified: 22-04-2021

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